The Americans often choose the French drain. But what is it? This is an important issue for many people. A gravel-lined ditch with a pipe is a sewer that will be needed before carries water away from the home.
French drainage systems often were chosen for private buildings. Such sewer installed near house foundations. The best place is often the basement or crawl space. While this type of drainage named French drain, it’s used in the USA, Russia, Canada, and other countries.
French drains are named from a Massachusetts based farmer who was known as Henry French. He constructed the first-ever French drain in 1859. This kind of drain is built underground.
The dig a trench so that the pipe could be installed at an angle. Such a sewer channel has perforation. It’s covered with drain rock and landscape fabric. Thanks to such features and the use of gravel, you can build an effective sewer. In this case, you do not need a site for standing water.
The sewer may be used inside or outside the home. Installing such system would be the best option for a small suburban area. French drainage is undemanding in exploit. Engineers help may be necessary only in some cases.
Types Of French drain
Do you have water problems? In this case, you will need to build a drainage system. The first step is determining the right place. People who have chosen French drains, will not have removing water problems. This also applies when you need drainage to around a home’s foundation or wet basement floor. A trench drain is the most suitable for standing water on the lawn. The installation of French drains is simple. It’s one surefire technique to avoid basement flooding. Such a fact is confirmed by many builders.
Type 1. Backyard French drains
Do you have drainage problems in the backyard? If so, that you must choose French drains. It’s a most efficient system that has a width of approximately 12 inches. During construction, lay the pipe to a depth between 12 and 24 inches. Anyone who chooses such a system should take into account that the minimum slope should be 1 inch for every 8 feet. You must first take measures and build the location where water is being directed.
To stave off problems, you should line the trench with thick landscape fabric. Be sure to use gravel for its bottom. If you chose such a drain, and perforated 3-inch drain pipe is the most suitable option. You can use gravel or drainage rock. If you want to keep the drainage hidden, you should to plant grass over the soil.
Type 2. Interior Perimeter Drain
You can use an internal perimeter drain to prevent basement leaks. For such a basement waterproofing system, pipe must be installed against all the exterior walls. You will not need to digging outside the home. This is because the pipe will be laid even in basement floor. An interior French drain system allows water to drain behind a membrane on the wall. This will avoid the moisture-wicking in concrete block/cinder block foundation.
This applies to water seepage onto the basement floor. If you decide to build such a system, you can extend the useful life of the foundation.
Type 3. Basement French Drain
Basement perimeter drains, French Drains, drain tile or B-Dri/Beaver Basement type basement de-watering systems: This phrases discusses types of basement drain or what some call a “french drain” for stopping foundation leaks or preventing wet basements and crawl spaces. A perimeter French drain looks like another indoor system. Such pipes cut into the floor around the perimeter of a basement. To remove water from the building interior you can use the space between the basement and wooden floor. If you build a French drain, you can make sure that this is the best way to keep a basement dry. The system will be installed inside or outside the foundation. You will never need maintenance or replacement.
Type 4. Exterior Weeping Drain Tile
Exterior drain tile used in construction may be known by different names. It depend on your location. In the U.S and Canada, people use different names. Whatever you call it “footing tile” or French drain, installation specifics and efficiency are the same. An experienced engineer is unlikely to deny this fact.
Exterior drains come in two types – shallow and footing. Shallow drains are most common for draining a soggy yard and are less expensive in general. Footings go around the perimeter of your home and are very deep, often several feet, which causes the costs to rise considerably. They will be visible, so it is common to use decorative pebbles and a curb to contain them.
How to Install French Drain
People who are engaged in construction can choose shallow or footing exterior drains. First type is most common. For draining a soggy yard such exterior drains are less expensive. Footings will be very deep, often several feet. Therefore, this option is more expensive. During the construction process, you will have to use a curb or decorative pebbles to contain such systems. This will cause additional costs.
Steps To Install An Interior French Drain
- Breakout the floor approximately 12″ deep and 12″ wide around the perimeter.
- Cleanout trench with a proper slope to the sump pump pit.
- Create a pump pit.
- Apply the wall drain and protection board.
- Lay down the French drain (weeping tile also known as a perimeter tile or drain tile) wrapped with a geotextile protection cloth.
- Connect French drain to an existing drain or create sump pump pit.
- Cover the drain with 3/4″ gravel.
- Re-cement floor.
- Remove all excess earth and clean the work area.
Steps To Install An Interior French Drain
- You have to break out the floor around the perimeter.
- Cleanout trench. You have to do it so that to have a proper slope to the sump pump pit.
- Create a pump pit. To do this, you will need additional labor.
- Lay protection board.
- Take care of the protection by covering the drainage pipe with geotextile cloth and connect French drain to an existing drain or create sump pump pit.
- Fill the trench with 3/4″ gravel.
- Re-cement floor.
- Clean the work area by removing excess earth.
How to Install a Exterior French Drain
- You must first to dig the trench system.
- Using landscape fabric, you must line the trench. Please note that wide fabric is more effective. If you need temporarily pin the excess in place, it will be better to use landscape pins or nails.
- Prepare a gravel base.
- Lay the drainpipe in the trench. You must do this in such a way that the drain holes facing down.
- Fill the trench with gravel.
- Fold the excess landscape fabric over the top of the gravel.
- Fill the top of the trench. If you have the opportunity, you should reseed with grass.
How to Install an Inside Drain Tile System to Waterproof a Basement
Experienced engineers are already convinced that interior basement drain tile installation is not an easy task. It requires breaking up the flooring. Without doing this, people cannot install a perforated pipe, called drain tile pipe, called drain tile or weeping tile. When constructing drainage they must adhere to the following instructions:
- Identify entry points. The same goes for pooling water locations. This is best done after rain.
- You have to dig a trench and install the tile
- Restore flooring.
Why should I install French drain
If you have chosen standard basement construction, any contractor should offer to seal the exterior of masonry walls. This is because only in this way will you succeed to reduce the risk of leaks. You can choose exterior and interior drain systems. The angle must be appropriate.
If you make a mistake, it will be impossible to direct groundwater to a sump pump.
French drain cost
French styles make the most sense in one of two areas of your home:
- Around your home’s perimeter.
- Underneath your basement floor.
Interior Perimeter Drain Cost
If you choose the internal option, it will cost$00 to $00 per linear foot to install. This is the easiest option. In order to build interior drains, you will need $0,000 to $00,000.
Exterior Backyard Drainage System Cost
An exterior French drain to divert backyard surface water costs $0,000 to $0,000, while a deep weeping tile or footing drain tile to block and redirect groundwater costs $0,000 to $00,000.
French Drain system average cost
The costs depend on the type of system you have chosen. In most cases, you could pay as little as $000-$000. More expensive systems that cost much as $0,000-$0,000 consists of a ditch filled. You can use different perforated pipes to guides water away.
Basement waterproofing contractors
Tornado Plumbing & Drains is Professional Waterproofing Company for Commercial or Residential Construction. Here are three reasons to call us:
- Experience: Install an Inside Drain System to Waterproof a Basement is no easy task: it takes years of expertise to be able to perform safe and enduring quality repairs. Because waterproofing are an important investment, hiring an experienced waterproofing company is essential.
- Efficiency: Tornado Plumbing & Drains understands, no matter how big your problem is, it needs to be done as soon as possible, so you can go about your daily business.
- Licensing: When you enlist the services of a reliable waterproofing company, you can rest assured knowing a licensed contractor who has extensive knowledge will perform the work. Tornado Plumbing & Drains is insured and fully licensed, guaranteeing you receive the best services possible, as well as ensuring you won’t be held liable for any on-the-job accidents.
– phone number: (647) 784-8448
– address: 45 Chauncey Ave, Etobicoke, ON M8Z 2Z2
– E-mail: email@example.com
– link to contact form: https://tornado-plumbing.com/free-quote
FAQ of French drain
How to choose contractors?
- Find contractors on google or dig into internet directories
- Check their portfolio
- Proof of a valid license
- Check reviews
- Get free quotes
- Get an extensive warranty
How to get your help?
Can I fix/repair/do it by myself?
If you decide to install a French drain in an existing basement, it won’t be a complicated project. However, without power equipment, you cannot finish. It concerns concrete saws and jackhammers. Without such equipment, you are unlikely to break out the basement floor.
You can save money. However, not everyone will decide to install pipes by himself. Even if this is not a problem, you should clarify the parameters with a building inspector before. According to some local codes, building permit drainage is forbidden. In some cases, you will have to hire an electrician.